There are many diseases that are linked to being overweight or obese and research has shown that losing weight significantly reduces your susceptibility to these weight-related diseases. But first, what is meant when we say someone is overweight?
Being overweight or being obese means that the individual in question has a BMI that is higher than 30. The English dictionary defines being overweight as being above a weight considered normal or desirable.
But beyond normalcy and desirability, being overweight comes with a whole slew of medical problems. Some of these medical problems are self-resolving and disappear once the excess weight is taken off. Others become better and more manageable. Thus, it is in the obese person’s best interest to lose weight whether to avoid these weight-related diseases (if you haven’t developed them yet) or to break free from them (if you are already suffering from them). You may want to use a combination of diet plans and regular exercise to achieve weight loss for a healthier life.
This is an umbrella term that is used to designate the very many problems that may affect the human heart, the most common being the narrowing and hardening of a blood vessel that carries blood to the heart. In this case, the human heart does not get all the blood that it requires to function properly. Another common heart problem is when how the heart pumps blood is adversely affected. Having heart disease increases the risk of suffering heart failure, a heart attack, angina (chest pain), unexpected cardiac death, or abnormal heart rhythm. It is said that the leading cause of death in the United States is heart disease.
People who are obese often have health problems such as high blood pressure, high blood sugar and high cholesterol that increases their risk for heart disease. Additionally, being overweight means that your heart has to work harder to pump blood to all the cells in your body.
How to break free: Research shows that losing as little as 5 per cent of your weight lowers the risks of developing heart disease. Weight loss also helps to improve blood pressure and blood flow, as well as regulate cholesterol levels.
When blood flow to a certain portion of the brain ceases, it causes brain cells to die. This is called a stroke. Ischemic stroke transpires when a blood clot stops an artery from carrying blood to the brain. This is the most common kind of stroke. Hemorrhagic stroke on the other hand, happens when a blood vessel in the brain bursts.
When you are overweight, you have a higher blood pressure than normal and high blood pressure is the foremost cause of strokes. Being obese also means you probably have other health problems such as high blood sugar, heart disease and high cholesterol that increases the risks of having a stroke.
How to break free: To lower the risk of strokes, you have to keep blood pressure under control and losing weight helps to lower blood pressure. Because weight loss also improves blood sugar and cholesterol levels, it also lowers the risk for stroke.
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes means that the blood sugar levels in the body are way above normal. Being diabetic puts you at an elevated risk of kidney disease, heart disease, stroke, blindness and limb amputation. While family history and genetics play a huge role in this type of diabetes, people with a poor diet, a low activity level and excess body weight (especially around the waist area) are at an increased risk.
it is believed that being overweight causes body cells to change, thereby making them resistant to the insulin hormone. When the body turns insulin resistant, the cells cannot take up the blood sugar, and this results in high blood sugar.
How to break free: Losing weight may help to delay or altogether prevent the onset of diabetes. For sufferers of type 2 diabetes, losing weight can help to control blood sugar levels and prevent health problems. Losing weight may also mean that you can decrease the amount of medication that you take.
Cancer is designated the second leading cause of death in the US and occurs when cells in one part of the body grow abnormally out of control. Eating or physical activity habits that may result in being overweight may also heighten an individual’s cancer risk. Being overweight increases the risk of cancers such as breast, colon and rectum cancer; kidney cancer, gallbladder cancer and endometrium cancer.
How to break free: Healthy eating, weight loss and physical activity habits may lower cancer risk.
If you suffer from sleep apnea, you have pauses in your breathing when asleep, and may suffer from sleepiness in the daytime, difficulty focusing and a higher risk of heart failure. An overweight person may store more fat around the neck, making the airway smaller. This can make breathing more difficult and breathing may cease altogether for short periods of time.
How to break free: As Weight loss usually helps to decrease neck size and reduce inflammation, it mitigates the effects of sleep apnea.
Osteoarthritis causes stiffness and pain in the joints. While more commonly related to aging or to an injury, Extra weight also causes osteoarthritis by placing extra pressure on cartilage and joints and causing them to wear away. It usually affects the joints of the hands, knees, hips, and lower back. Also, because overweight people have an increased risk of inflammation, they are also at risk of developing osteoarthritis.
How to break free: Losing only 10 per cent of your body weight will automatically lessen the stress on the hips, lower back and knees and reduce inflammation. Research has also shown that exercise is one of the best treatments for osteoarthritis, as it can help increase flexibility.
Other weight-related diseases that weight loss can help with
Other weight-related diseases that losing weight can help you control include Gallbladder Disease, gout, fatty liver disease, and kidney disease.